EDUCATION

Top Construction 3D Printing Companies in the World

3D Printed Moon Infrastructure
Above: ICON Project Olympus Concept render by BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group/Image Source: ICON

Construction 3D printing technology is revolutionising the building construction industry and it has the potential to solve the world’s housing crisis. Construction 3D printing companies around the world are now embarking on new and ambitious projects to demonstrate 3D printing’s potential and position it as the future solution.

The traditional construction process is fraught with difficulties like logistics, availability of raw materials, polluting materials, high cost and long lead times. All these challenges have resulted in a scarcity of affordable housing in urban areas. The world is currently experiencing a ‘affordable housing’ crisis.

To address the crisis, an increasing number of businesses are exploring construction 3D printing technology as a potential solution. We see some of these top construction 3D printing companies around the world that are leading the world towards a sustainable future.

Those unfamiliar with construction 3D printing can check out our introductory articles on the construction 3D printing process and the construction 3D printing technologies.

Top Construction 3D Printing Companies

1. PERI Group

2. WASP

3. APIS Cor

4. XtreeE

5. ICON


1. PERI Group

Founded in: 1969

Headquarters: Germany

Founders: Artur Schwörer and Christl Schwörer

About PERI Group

construction 3D printer
Above: PERI Group constructed Germany’s first home but also Europe’s largest 3D printed apartment building/Image Source: PERI Group

PERI Group is one of the leading manufacturers and suppliers of formwork and scaffold systems in the world from Germany. In 2018, it entered the 3D printing construction market by purchasing COBOD’s BOD2 construction 3D printer. Since then, the PERI group has been at the forefront of technology and has expanded its collaboration with COBOD.

It has firmly backed theconstruction3D printing technology and has quickly risen to become one of the world’s leading construction 3D printing companies. They believe that construction 3D printing will revolutionize the construction industry because of its ability to accelerate the industrialization of the construction process. The desire to commercialize this technology stems from the goal of constructing a greater number of buildings in a shorter period of time at a lower cost.

By incorporating more intelligent designs and optimizing the use of materials, construction 3D printing can also pave the way for a more sustainable built environment.

Notable PERI Projects

Germany’s First 3D Printed House: PERI Group was instrumental in the construction of Germany’s first 3D printed house, which also served as Europe’s largest 3D printed apartment building.

Residential Building in the United States: PERI Group recently announced a partnership with Habitat for Humanity to build its first residential building in the United States in June 2021. The project was located in Tempe, Arizona, and it passed all regulatory approval processes with flying colours.

2. WASP

Founded in: 2012

Headquarters: Italy

Founders: Francesca Moretti, Massimo Moretti, Nicola Schiavarelli

About WASP

Construction 3D Printing
Above: TECLA 3D printed Eco-house/Image Source: WASP

WASP, or World’s Advanced Saving Project, is a company that designs and sells 3D printers made in Italy. It is one of the world’s top construction 3D printing company. The company was founded on an over-arching theme combining House, Art and Culture, Energy, Digital Fabrication, Health, and Food, which it represents through its concrete projects using 3D Printers.

WASP’s goal is to build ‘zero-mile’ homes, which are sustainable homes made from locally available materials, with portable machines that use little energy. As a result, the ability to use renewable energies such as sun, wind, and water is emphasized.

WASP’s distinct approach is reflected in their equally distinctive projects.

Notable WASP Project

TECLA: TECLA is an eco-sustainable 3D printed habitat project that derives its name from the words “technology” and “clay.” It was constructed with natural materials sourced from local soil, is carbon-neutral, and adaptable to any climate or context. For the project, multiple Crane WASP 3D printers were used at the same time.

Sculptural Walls in Dubai: WASP 3D printed sculptural walls for a Dubai flagship store. The wall was designed with parametric shapes. It was used to create sets and scenographies because it allows for the creation of unique decorative shapes.

3. APIS Cor

Founded in: 2014

Headquarters: United States of America

Founders: Nikita Cheniuntai

About APIS Cor

3D printed house
Above: Apis Cor 3D printed house in Russia/Image Source: Apis Cor

Apis Cor develops construction 3D printing solutions that allow for the construction of an entire house in any location within 24 hours. Their goal is to completely automate the 3D printing process so that their machines can print buildings on Earth and beyond.

The Apis Cor construction 3D printing solution includes a mobile 3D printer that can be set up in 30 minutes and a “mobile automated mix and supply unit.” The printer has a total area of 132 m² and uses mixed concrete to build walls layer by layer. Its stabilization system allows it to be installed on almost any surface with a difference in elevation of less than 10 cm.

Notable APIS Cor Projects

3D Printed House in 24 Hours: Apis Cor made headlines when it built a full-scale 3D printed house in 24 hours. This feat was accomplished in Russia in 2017. To adapt to the harsh weather conditions, Apis Cor used “dry insulating material on one side of the house and polyurethane filler composition on the other.”

Dubai Municipality: Apis Cor in Dubai Municipality holds the record for the world’s largest 3D printed building to date, standing 9.5 meters tall and covering an area of 640 square meters. It set this record when it 3D printed the wall structures of a two-story administrative building for the Dubai Municipality.

4. XtreeE

Founded in: 2015

Headquarters: France

Founders: Jean-Daniel KUHN, Alain Guillen, and Romain Duballet

About XtreeE

3D printing for construction
Above: XReef 3D printed by XtreeE being installed in the Mediterranean Sea, France/Image Credit: XtreeE/Renaud Dupuy de la Grandrive

The French start-up XtreeE, was founded in 2015 and it offers two services: 1. collaboration with customers to design and construct projects, and 2. renting their construction 3D printing systems.

This unique business model saw them collaborate with a variety of partners to establish a strong global network of printers for their global production units. Their goal is to expand this network to include more than 50 concrete 3D printers by 2025.

XtreeE now presents itself as a digital platform that provides ‘XtreeE Printing as a Service’. The platform introduces prospective customers to a large community of engineers, designers, architects, and XtreeE printing technology.

Notable XtreeE Projects

Concrete 3D printed walls for a pavilion in Dubai: Constructed concrete 3D printed walls for a pavilion in Dubai. The 100-square-meter pavilion was printed in sections and assembled on-site.

Olympic Games 2024: XtreeE will build a 40-meter pedestrian bridge in Aubervilliers, France, with a deck entirely made of 3D-printed structural concrete. This is in anticipation of the upcoming Olympic Games in France in 2024.

5. ICON

Founded in: 2018

Headquarters: United States of America

Founders: Jason Ballard, Alex Le Roux, And Evan Loomis

About ICON

construction 3D printer
Above: ICON 3D printed military barracks at Camp Swift Training Center/Image Source: ICON

ICON is a Texas-based developer of cutting-edge construction technologies that use 3D printing robotics, software, and advanced materials to advance humanity. They address three major issues in the construction industry: affordability, sustainability, and availability.

ICON was the first American company to be granted permission to build a 3D printed house in Austin, Texas. Banking on the success of their initial few projects and proving the concept, the company raised hundreds of millions of dollars in investment financing to develop their construction 3D printing technology.

The Vulcan construction 3D printer from ICON is specifically designed to produce resilient single-story buildings more quickly, affordably, and with greater design freedom. It has a printing capacity of about 2,000 square feet. It has an adjustable width (to accommodate different slab sizes) and is transported in a custom trailer without the need for assembly.

The entire construction is powered by the ICON platform, which includes a tablet-controlled robotic printer, an integrated material delivery system, and a revolutionary cement-based material for building homes.

Notable ICON Projects

Camp Swift Barracks: The Texas Military Department collaborated with ICON to design and 3D print an innovative, energy-efficient training barracks at the Camp Swift Training Center in Bastrop, Texas. The 3,800 sq.-ft. building, the largest 3D-printed structure in North America, is designed to house up to 72 soldiers or airmen at their primary facility while they train for missions in Texas or overseas.

The Chicon House: The Chicon House was the first permitted, 3D printed house in the United States. It is a 350 sq ft home that was printed in about 47 hours over several days using the first-generation Vulcan printer. The house has two bedrooms, one bathroom, and a kitchen that is surrounded by a large covered porch.

Conclusion

Construction 3D printing is gaining rapid adoption and a lot of companies are now exploring its potential. You can find out how they have developed construction 3D printing technologies, sustainable materials and have completed multiple projects.


About Manufactur3D Magazine: Manufactur3D is an online magazine on 3D printing. which publishes the latest 3D printing news, insights and analysis from all around the world. Visit our 3D Printing Education page to read more such informative articles. To stay up-to-date about the latest happenings in the 3D printing world, like us on Facebook or follow us on LinkedIn and Twitter.