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University of Waterloo Teams Up with NRC of Canada to Boost Industrial AM

The collaboration will build on the relationship between Waterloo and the National Research Council at a new facility in Mississauga that was officially inaugurated last year 

industrial 3D printing
Image credit: University of Waterloo

Experts at the University of Waterloo and the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) are teaming up to help Canadian companies capitalise on the enormous potential of metal 3D printing technologies.

The collaboration between the NRC, the largest federal research and development organisation in the country and the Multi-Scale Additive Manufacturing (MSAM) Lab at Waterloo will run for at least seven years.

“We want to create in southwestern Ontario a unique ecosystem to support metal additive manufacturing (AM) in terms of research and development and to translate competencies to industry partners,” said Mihaela Vlasea, the associate director of MSAM.

The partnership combines MSAM’s extensive expertise in metal AM process optimisation with the NRC’s decades-long experience in materials science and metal powders development to enable research from powder to part.

Teams at Waterloo and the NRC have worked closely for the past three years in the areas of metal AM and process optimization, materials and product characterization, standardized testing and validation.

The collaboration will build on that relationship at a new NRC facility in Mississauga that was officially inaugurated on November 16. The site will launch powder synthesis, recycling and characterization capabilities in Ontario to customize AM and reduce material costs for industry applications. 

Industrial 3D printing
Above: The new NRC Mississauga advanced materials research facility/Image Credit: NRC

To support this collaboration, the NRC awarded close to $2.6 million worth of equipment to Waterloo as part of its Advanced Manufacturing Supercluster Support program, led by the NRC’s Automotive and Surface Transportation Research Centre. The equipment will be housed at the new Mississauga facility and the university. As part of this collaboration, both partners will also support student research.

A major thrust of the project will be the development of new AM powders – the raw materials at the heart of the technology – using metal alloys that currently aren’t available or are prohibitively expensive.

Researchers will also study re-using and recycling leftover powders, and the use of cheaper, less-refined powders that may still be capable of producing high-quality parts.

The underlying objective is to make AM technology economically viable for more Canadian manufacturers, either by creating new commercial powders – which now number less than two dozen – or dramatically reducing the costs of using existing powders.

The research teams will also study the production of powders by the Canadian mining industry of sufficient quality for AM processes.

“I think we can open up new market sectors by empowering people who currently don’t even think about additive manufacturing because their materials don’t exist or they just cost too much,” said Vlasea, a professor of mechanical and mechatronics engineering at Waterloo.

Metal AM, also known as metal 3D printing, is now largely limited to high-end, low-volume parts in the aerospace and biomedical fields. The goal is to extend the use of the technology to industries including automotive, nuclear, and oil and gas.

The partnership positions researchers at MSAM and the NRC to provide Canadian industry with comprehensive access to advanced manufacturing equipment and expertise, and to secure funding for collaborative efforts.


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